something like your final
Posted by Dino Annest on 8/8/2017
Sophie’s World - The Final name________________________________
- Teacher of Alexander: a. Plato b. Aristotle c. Socrates d. Democritus e. the Sophists
- Teacher of Aristotle: a. Plato b. Alexander c. Socrates d. Democritus e. Hippocrates
- “One thing only I know, and that is that I know nothing.”
- Plato b. Aristotle c. Socrates d. Democritus e. The Oracle at Delphi
- Teacher of Plato: a. Alexander b. Aristotle c. Socrates d. Democritus e. Hippocrates
- Natural philosophers focused on an understanding of ___ rather than on ___ to explain their lives.
- myths/science b. nature/reason c. reason/senses d. nature/myths e. senses/reason
- The greatest long term pleasure is good, taking into account negative results of that pleasure:
- Hedonists b. Sophists c. Stoics d. Epicureans e. Cynics
The following (a-e) are to be used (once each) with questions 7-11
- tabula rasa b. cogito ergo sum c. know thyself
- man cannot prove or disprove God's existence. e. God is dead.
- Man is mortal- your life is predetermined
- Nietzsche 10. Hume
- John Locke 11. Descartes' proof that he exists
the following (a-e) are to be used once each as answers for questions 12-16
- memento mori b. credo quia absurdum c. carpe deim d. essence e. existence
- Remember that you must die 15. Being alive
- Seize the day 16. Man’s conscious and creative act of choosing and living.
_ the following (a-e) are to be used once each as answers for questions 17-21
- nihilism b. fatalism c. mechanism d. dynamic(s) e. synthesis
- resolution of opposing ideas in dialectic process
- life has no meaning and anything is permissible
- all psychological ailments have a physical cause within the body
- whatever happens is predestined
- tension between opposites that allows the process to work
- The categorical imperative essentially states that:
- there are a list of categories for every action .
- if a person wishes to act morally, there is a universal law that must be followed
- man has free will to decide right from wrong in all actions
- morality is subjective and situationally dependent
the following (a-e) are to be used once each as answers for questions 23-27
- antithesis b. neurosis c. repression d. id e. zeitgeist
- pushing down desires and forgetting them
- the world spirit or spirit of the times 26. conflict between desire and guilt
- connected with pleasure and instinct 27. the negation of the original idea
- The Renaissance, a “rebirth of humanism,” spread because of three main inventions, one is “modern”
firearms, the two other main inventions are:
- maps and gun powder b. printing press and the compass c. telescope and microscope
- architecture and the globe e. empirical method and monetary systems
- The term "ego defense mechanism" is best described as:
- the id succumbs to impulses and desires d. the ego overrides cultural norms to satisfy the ego
- the ego satisfies the id by acceptable means e. neurotic anxiety
- the ego appeases the superego by punishing the id
- all of the following were major points of the Enlightenment philosophers except:
- return to nature c. opposition to authority e. surrealism
- human rights d. rationalism
for #31-37, answer (a) if true, and (b) if false:
- According to Rousseau, civilization is the salvation of man
- 44. According to Locke, man in nature is essentially in a state of war.
- Kant uses the analogy of glasses to show that our senses affect our reason.
- Hume's philosophy centers on how a child experiences the world
- Kant's idea of the small t is that which is true for the individual
- According to Hegel, the rights of the individual are subordinate to the needs of the state.
- In the myth, Plato is “illustrating the philosopher’s road from shadowy images to the true ideas.”
the following (a-e) are to be used once each as answers for questions 38-42
- dualism b. the Oracle c. rationalism d. Acropolis e. empiricism
- Apollo’s mouthpiece that told ancient Greeks about their fate.
- uses experience to find knowledge 41. the city on a hill
- Plato’s idea of a conflict between spirit and matter 42. Only reason leads to knowledge
- During the Renaissance, which important entity was forced to give up their exclusive hold on the
dissemination of information?
- the government b. the church c. schools d. philosophers e. heretics
the following (a-e) are to be used as answers for questions 44-49
- Aristotle b. Marx c. Berkeley d. Kant e. Locke
- Natural Rights 47. Workers of the world, unite!
- Europe's first biologist 48. Bishop who found rational justification for God's existence
- the categorical imperative 49. a revolution of the proletariat
50."Natural Selection": a. Locke b. Hobbes c. de Beauvoir d. Marx e. Darwin
- "The Second Sex": a. Rousseau b. de Beauvoir c. Aristotle d. Marx e. Camus
- According to Thomas Aquinas, two paths can be used to find truth:
- reason/senses b. senses/faith c. reason/nature d. reason/faith e. reason/reflection
- Pantheism is the belief that: a. God is all-knowing b. man is mortal c. life is pre-destined
- God is everywhere e. you need no material goods to be happy