something like your final

Posted by Dino Annest on 8/8/2017

Sophie’s World - The Final   name________________________________

 

  1. Teacher of Alexander:      a. Plato    b. Aristotle   c. Socrates   d. Democritus    e. the Sophists  
  2. Teacher of Aristotle:     a. Plato b. Alexander     c. Socrates         d. Democritus    e. Hippocrates
  3. “One thing only I know, and that is that I know nothing.”
  4. Plato b. Aristotle c. Socrates d. Democritus      e. The Oracle at Delphi
  5. Teacher of Plato:   a. Alexander  b. Aristotle  c. Socrates d. Democritus      e. Hippocrates
  6. Natural philosophers focused on an understanding of ___  rather  than on ___ to explain their lives.
  7. myths/science   b. nature/reason     c. reason/senses d. nature/myths      e. senses/reason
  8. The greatest long term pleasure is good, taking into account negative results of that pleasure:
  9. Hedonists  b. Sophists    c. Stoics    d. Epicureans    e. Cynics

The following (a-e) are to be used (once each) with questions 7-11                                                                  

  1.   tabula rasa    b. cogito ergo sum    c. know thyself    
  2. man cannot prove or disprove God's existence.    e. God is dead.
  3. Man is mortal- your life is predetermined
  4. Nietzsche 10. Hume
  5. John Locke 11. Descartes' proof that he exists                         

the following (a-e) are to be used once each as answers for questions 12-16                                                        

  1. memento mori        b. credo quia absurdum        c. carpe deim       d. essence     e. existence
  2. Kierkegaard
  3. Remember that you must die 15. Being alive
  4. Seize the day 16. Man’s conscious and creative act of choosing and living.          

 

_ the following (a-e) are to be used once each as answers for questions 17-21                                                        

  1. nihilism        b. fatalism       c. mechanism        d. dynamic(s)       e. synthesis
  2. resolution of opposing ideas in dialectic process
  3. life has no meaning and anything is permissible
  4. all psychological ailments have a physical cause within the body                     
  5. whatever happens is predestined       
  6. tension between opposites that allows the process to work
  7. The categorical imperative essentially states that:
  8. there are a list of categories for every action .
  9. if a person wishes to act morally, there is a universal law that must be followed
  10. man has free will to decide right from wrong in all actions
  11. morality is subjective and situationally dependent

 

the following (a-e) are to be used once each as answers for questions 23-27                                                         

  1.         antithesis        b. neurosis        c. repression       d. id      e. zeitgeist
  2. pushing down desires and forgetting them
  3. the world spirit or spirit of the times 26. conflict between desire and guilt
  4. connected with pleasure and instinct 27. the negation of the original idea           
  5. The Renaissance, a “rebirth of humanism,” spread because of three main inventions, one is “modern”

firearms, the two other main inventions are:

  1. maps and gun powder    b. printing press and the compass   c. telescope and microscope   
  2. architecture and the globe   e. empirical method and monetary systems
  3. The term "ego defense mechanism" is best described as:
  4. the id succumbs to impulses and desires       d. the ego overrides cultural norms to satisfy the ego
  5. the ego satisfies the id by acceptable means       e. neurotic anxiety
  6. the ego appeases the superego by punishing the id
  7. all of the following were major points of the Enlightenment philosophers except:
  8. return to nature c. opposition to authority e. surrealism                                                                
  9. human rights d. rationalism

for #31-37, answer (a) if true, and (b) if false:

  1. According to Rousseau, civilization is the salvation of man  
  2. 44. According to Locke, man in nature is essentially in a state of war.
  3. Kant uses the analogy of glasses to show that our senses affect our reason.
  4. Hume's philosophy centers on how a child experiences the world
  5. Kant's idea of the small t is that which is true for the individual
  6. According to Hegel, the rights of the individual are subordinate to the needs of the state.
  7. In the myth, Plato is “illustrating the philosopher’s road from shadowy images to the true ideas.”

           the following (a-e) are to be used once each as answers for questions 38-42                                           

  1. dualism   b. the Oracle          c. rationalism         d. Acropolis       e. empiricism
  2. Apollo’s mouthpiece that told ancient Greeks about their fate.
  3. uses experience to find knowledge 41. the city on a hill
  4. Plato’s idea of a conflict between spirit and matter 42. Only reason leads to  knowledge         
  5. During the Renaissance, which important entity was forced to give up their exclusive hold on the

dissemination of information?

  1. the government b. the church        c. schools   d. philosophers       e. heretics

 

          the following (a-e) are to be used as answers for questions 44-49                              

  1. Aristotle     b. Marx     c. Berkeley      d. Kant       e. Locke
  2. Natural Rights        47. Workers of the world, unite!
  3. Europe's first biologist         48. Bishop who found rational justification for God's existence
  4. the categorical imperative         49. a revolution of the proletariat                                                  

50."Natural Selection":       a. Locke        b. Hobbes c. de Beauvoir   d. Marx             e. Darwin

  1. "The Second Sex":        a. Rousseau     b. de Beauvoir c. Aristotle   d. Marx             e. Camus  
  2. According  to Thomas Aquinas, two paths can be used to find truth:
  3.   reason/senses   b. senses/faith   c. reason/nature   d. reason/faith   e. reason/reflection
  4. Pantheism is the belief that:     a. God is all-knowing       b. man is mortal       c. life is pre-destined   
  5. God is everywhere   e. you need no material goods to be happy

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