CRITICAL RACE THEORY
An academic and legal theory that explores and examines history by looking at societal and institutional power structures from a race-based perspective.
CULTURALLY RESPONSIVE TEACHING ɸ
An instructional approach that uses students' culture to accelerate learning. It integrates the cultural knowledge, prior experiences, and the varied learning styles of students to make learning more appropriate and effective.
The beliefs, practices and norms of a group of people.
Unequal treatment of a person based on their membership in a group. In contrast to prejudice, discrimination is a behavior.
Common beliefs, values, and behaviors of privileged groups (white, male, heterosexual, cisgender, wealthy, etc.) that usually go unnamed and are considered the "norm" against which others are measured.
Educational equity means that each child receives what they need to develop their full academic and social potential (National Equity Project). Equity in the Mercer Island School District schools, classrooms, and services provided to students rejects the premise that "advantaged" students must receive less in order for "disadvantaged" student to receive more. Educational equity and educational excellence do not need to be in opposition. The schools and district will be at their best when each individual is at their best because of equitable and accessible opportunities for all. (Blankstein & Noguera).
Equality says we treat everyone the same and give them the exact same resources or support, regardless of individual needs or group history.
Equity is a commitment to ensure that every student receives what they need to succeed.
A social construction that indicates identification with a particular group that is often descended from common ancestors. Members of the group share common cultural traits, such as language, religion and dress.
The network of institutional structures, policies, and practices that create advantages and benefits for the majority group, and discriminates, oppresses, and/or disadvantages people from certain targeted groups.
One's country of origin or citizenship.
PEOPLE OF COLOR (POC)
A term born out of the antiracism movement used to describe nonwhites that is meant to be inclusive among nonwhite groups.
Societal benefits that favor some groups of people and create disadvantages for other groups, particularly if the groups are otherwise under the same social and political circumstances. Privilege can apply to race, income/wealth, gender, religion, sexual identity, sexual preference and physical/learning ability. While many Americans may not view themselves as privileged because of their economic or social status, the advantage of being in the majority racial group is real, even if often hidden. Privilege can be assigned to populations within a group, such as athletes, individuals perceived as attractive, individuals who attain higher levels of education or membership in certain religious groups. Recognizing that you have privilege does not require feeling guilty for your privilege. Rather it is an essential step toward understanding how that privilege might shape your views or negatively affect others, even unintentionally, and what steps we can take to break down barriers created.
Races are socially and politically constructed categories that others have assigned on the basis of physical characteristics, such as skin color or hair type.
Racial/ethnic identity development is how our self-perception is shaped by our experiences in society regarding our group affiliation (i.e. race, gender).
Institutional power and prejudice which benefits the dominant group and hurts other racial groups. It can be conscious or unconscious, intentional or unintentional.
An overgeneralization based on race, gender, sexual orientation, class, ability, age, and other characteristics that is widely believed about an entire group of people. Stereotypes are impervious to evidence and contrary argument.
ɸ definition adapted from: Culturally Responsive Teaching and the Brain, Zaretta Hammond